Islam - Quran - Allah - Muhammad (p) all coming under attack!
Non-Muslims & Muslims both saying things against Islam!
Muslims fighting against Muslims!
From outside to inside the harsh critisizims - What do we do?
Almost everyone seems to have a differing opinon on every topic.
- Yusuf Estes [For a printable page 'click' here]
Fleeing From Fitnah (& Clinging to the Jam'ah)
"All praise is for Allah who, in every age and intervals between the Prophets, raises up a group from the People of Knowledge, who call the misguided to guidance and patiently bearing ill-treatment and harm. With the Book of Allah they give life to the dead, and by Allah's Light they sight to the blind.
How many a person killed by Iblees have they revived? How many people astray and wondering have they guided? How beautiful their effect has been upon the people, and how vile people have been towards them?
They expel from the Book of Allah the alterations of those going beyond bounds, the false claims of the liars and the false interpretations of the ignorant-ones - those who uphold the banner of innovation and who unleash fitnah (trial and discord), who differ about the Book, oppose the Book and agree to opposing the Book. Those who speak about Allah and His Book without knowledge, and who argue about what is ambiguous in the Book, and deceive the ignorant with such ambiguities.
So we seek refuge in Allah from the fitnahs (trials and discord) of the misguided-ones."2 And I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, alone, having no partner and that Muhammad sAllahu 'alayhi wa sallam is His trustworthy Slave and Messenger. And may Allah extol and send His blessings of peace upon him, his family and his companions.
FORBIDDANCE OF BEING HASTY AND IMPATIENT
So the umoorul-'aammah (affairs pertaining to public benefit and welfare) - from the matters related to peace, security and fear - should be referred back to those who possess sounds knowledge and understanding, as Allah - the Most High - has said:
Imam as-Sa'dee (d.1376H) - rahimahullaah - said:
This is why Allah said: "Then the proper people would have investigated and evaluated the matter from them."
So in this is an evidence for an important principle which is: If there arises a need to investigate a particular issue, then it is obligatory that it is left to those who are qualified for it, and no one should precede them in this - and this is close to what is correct, and safer from error. And in this is also a prohibition of being hasty and impatient in spreading the news as soon as they hear it.
Likewise there is a command to reflect and consider before speaking, so he looks into it to see if there is a benefit in doing so, if so he embarks upon it, and if not, he abstains from it."3
THE SCHOLARS AND THE AFFAIRS OF THE UMMAH
Since these issues, most of the time, are the cause for fitnahs to occur, and they are not like the issues related to purification, Prayer, Hajj and their like; which it is possible for a young student of knowledge - or in some cases, even the layman - to speak about, and to prefer one saying over another. And this is because: "Understanding the objectives and goals of the Sharee'ah (Islaamic Law) is not possible, except by thoroughly studying the texts and studying the detailed workings of the Sharee'ah .
Since fiqhul-maqaasid (the science of understanding the objectives and goals of the Sharee'ah ) is indeed a great and mighty science which cannot be gained by just anyone. Rather, it can only be gained by one who has reached a high level of knowledge, has examined the state of affairs and is well acquainted with them, and who has looked into the various possible outcomes that may occur. And weighing between the benefits and harms is dependant upon understanding the Sharee'ah and its objectives, and having understanding of the state of affairs, and the various degrees of benefits and harms. So none of this is possible, except for the Scholars."4
Imam an-Nawawee (d.676H) - rahimahullaah - said:
However, if the issue involves detailed matters, or matters connected to ijtihaad (the Science of extracting rulings from the Revelation), then the general body of Muslims cannot enter into it, nor is it for them to order or prohibit. Rather, this is only for the Scholars."5
And the subjects that we have mentioned (i.e. that which is related to affairs of public benefit and interest of the Ummah; such as matters connected to Sharee'ah politics, weighing the affairs, correcting the widespread evil, takfeer (declaring Muslims to be unbelievers) and rebelling against the rulers) are from the most important subjects which have touched the Islaamic awakening in these days, and about which there is plenty of discussion, controversy and argumentation between those Muslim youths who are form in clinging to the Religion and who earnestly desire good. So these subjects are of an extremely important nature, and likewise, deviating from the correct path with regards to them is extremely dangerous!
Due to this, I wanted to gather some of the statements from our noble contemporary scholars on this subject - may Allah protect them and look after them, and continue making them of benefit to the Ummah for the remainder of their time (ameen). They are the Scholars of the Religion and the inheritors of the Prophets, those who concentrated on understanding the formulating principles regarding the halaal (lawful) and the haraam (prohibited).
Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) - rahimahullaah - said: "And whosoever from this Ummah, is known for having truthfulness, whereby he has been praised and commended by the majority of the various groups of people from this Ummah, then those are the leaders of guidance and the beacons in the darkness."6
So they are the Rabbanee Scholars; those who teach the people the Book and the wisdom, and who cultivate the people upon it. And they are the people of deep understanding and wisdom, whom Allah commanded us to ask, by His saying:
"Ask the People of Knowledge if you do not know."
So returning to them, being around them, and asking them, is the way out from the fitnahs - as we have previously explained - especially when there are a great number of differences and a great number of people differing, and many differing paths ahead of the traveller.
CLINGING TO THE jama'ah
'Umar ibn al-Khattab radiAllahu 'anhu relates that Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said: "Cling to the jama'ah and beware of splitting! For indeed Shaytaan is with the individual person but is further away from the two people. And whosoever desires the centre of Paradise, then let him cling to the jama'ah. And whosoever is pleased by his good deeds and saddened by his bad deeds, then he is a Believer." 9
Thus, whosoever clings to the jama'ah - not separating from it - will be the successful one. But whosoever splits from the jama'ah and is amazed with his own opinion and knowledge, and the large number who follow him - then he is one who is destroyed.
Imam Abu Bakr al-Aajurree (d.360H), after recording various ayat (verses) and ahadeeth that order clinging to the jama'ah, then said:
1. Taken from Al-Furqaan Magazine (no.61/pp.44-46)
If you would like more information on this subject, please do not hesitate to write me. If I have made any errors then please advise me and ask Allah to guide me to do better. Email: [email protected]
khair wa salam alaykum wa Rahmatulah,